Mexico designates “Reserva Estatal Ciénagas y Manglares de la Costa Norte de Yucatán” and “Lago de Texcoco”

Mexico designates “Reserva Estatal Ciénagas y Manglares de la Costa Norte de Yucatán” and “Lago de Texcoco”

3 November 2022
Mexico

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Reserva Estatal Ciénagas y Manglares de la Costa Norte de Yucatán

Mexico has designated two new Wetlands of International Importance, with a combined area of 27,521 hectares.

“Reserva Estatal Ciénagas y Manglares de la Costa Norte de Yucatán” (No.2468 in the List of Wetlands of International Importance) covers an area of 17,444 hectares. This “Ramsar Site” is an important biological corridor in which three mangrove species (Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia germinans and Laguncularia racemosa) predominate.

It supports a significant number of plant and animal species, such as the Yucatan killifish (Fundulus persimilis) and the blind swamp eel (Ophisternon infernale), both listed as endangered; and the vulnerable Atlantic horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) and golden silverside (Menidia colei) which are endemic species.

The Site also supports the 50,000 people who live within it and who have based their economic activity on fishing, salt mining, and, recently, tourism. With its inclusion in the Ramsar List, all the wetlands on the coast of the State of Yucatan are now protected.

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Lago de Texcoco

“Lago de Texcoco” (Site No.2469) has an area of 10,077 hectares. The Site is the main body of water in the Valley of Mexico basin. It supports more than 250 plant species, more than 370 animal species and over ten species of fungi and mosses. These include globally threatened species such as the Xochimilco axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) and the rough-necked alligator lizard (Barisia rudicollis), both classified as critically endangered, the endangered mexclapique (Girardinichthys viviparus), and the vulnerable Sprague’s pipit (Anthus spragueii). It is an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA), hosting an annual average of 150,000 migratory birds.

The Site supports a series of economic activities to the benefit of local communities, and it provides invaluable environmental services such as helping to prevent flooding in neighbouring residential areas. It has also been decreed as a protected natural area called “Área de Protección de Recursos Naturales Lago de Texcoco”.